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Understanding the Cause and Symptoms of Menstrual Cramps

For some young and adults women, menstrual period can be the most painful or discomfort monthly cycle. This painful menstrual period medically called as dysmenorrhea.

The Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea

There are 2 types of dysmenorrhea including primary and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is the common pain without organic disease, meanwhile secondary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain associated with identified disease. Primary dysmenorrhea usually begins with lower abdomen or pelvic pain in 8-72 hours then followed by menstrual flow. Other symptoms that commonly occur are back and thigh pain, headache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. For secondary dysmenorrhea, not only severe pain but the symptoms also followed by intermenstrual and postcoital bleeding, dyspareunia, menorrhagia, and others regarding to the disease that follows.

The Cause of Dysmenorrhea

For primary dysmenorrhea, the pain is caused by the production of uterine prostaglandins when the endometrial peeling off as menstruation begins. Prostaglandins will stimulate the contraction of myometrial and ischaemia. The higher levels of prostaglandins cause the severe pain. It’s also happened for secondary dysmenorrhea, meanwhile followed by other causes including fibroid or endometriosis. Psychological and daily habits also can influence the severity of dysmenorrhea including menstrual flow duration, obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, stress, anxiety, depression, etc.

Take a note, when the pain starts to interfere with your activities, you should check your condition to doctor soon.

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